Explore with caution: mapping the evolution of scientific interest in physics | EPJ Data Science | Full Text

Explore with caution: mapping the evolution of scientific interest in physics | EPJ Data Science | Full Text

In the book The Essential Tension (1979) Thomas Kuhn described the conflict between tradition and innovation in scientific research—i.e., the desire to explore new promising areas, counterposed to the need to capitalize on the work done in the past. While it is probable that along their careers many scientists felt this tension, only few works have tried to quantify it. Here, we address this question by analyzing a large-scale dataset, containing all the papers published by the American Physical Society (APS) in 26 years, which allows for a better understanding of scientists’ careers evolution in Physics. We employ the Physics and Astronomy Classification Scheme (PACS) present in each paper to map the scientific interests of 103,246 authors and their evolution along the years. Our results indeed confirm the existence of the “essential tension” with scientists balancing between exploring the boundaries of their area and exploiting previous work. In particular, we found that althoug

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Date: 2019/09/13 12:50

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@alexvespi Explore with caution: mapping the evolution of scientific interest in physics “existence of the “essential tension” with scientists balancing between exploring the boundaries of their area and exploiting previous work” By Aleta et al. https://t.co/pV9kkc8G0t https://t.co/7IKLGZvgFi